A History of Mediaeval Jewish Philosophy by Isaac Husik

By Isaac Husik

Matters: Philosophy, Jewish Notes: this can be an OCR reprint. there is quite a few typos or lacking textual content. There are not any illustrations or indexes. in the event you purchase the final Books variation of this publication you get loose trial entry to Million-Books.com the place you could choose between greater than 1000000 books at no cost. you may as well preview the e-book there.

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The Israelites would not have believed Moses, notwithstanding his miracles, if he had commanded them to commit murder or adultery. I t is because his teaching was found acceptable to the reason that the miracles accompanying it were regarded as a confirmation of Moses's divine mission. The Jewish Law70contains three elements, all of which are necessary for effective teaching. First, the commandments and prohibitions, or the laws proper; second, the reward and punishment consequent upon obedience and disobedience; and third, examples of historical characters irr which the laws and their consequences are illustrated.

The rest is devoted to a discussion of the divine attributes with the purpose of showing that God's unity and simplicity are not affected by them. The section on unity closes with a refutation of opposing views, such as those of the dualists or Trinitarians or infidels. The section on Justice centres about the doctrine of free will. Hence psychology and ethics are treated in this part of the work. To this may be added problems of a more dogmatic nature, eschatological and otherwise. We shall see in the sequel that Saadia's masterpiece is modeled on the same plan.

I t is necessary to add that as on the one hand we have seen that God's attributes are identical with his being, so it follows on the other that the various attributes, such as wise, seeing, hearing, knowing; and so on, are not different from each other in meaning, though distinct in expression. Otherwise it would make God composite. The reason we employ a number of distinct expressions is in order to remove from God the several opposites of the terms used. Thus when we say God is living we mean to indicate that he is not dead.

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