Native American Studies

Archaic Societies: Diversity and Complexity Across the by Thomas E. Emerson

By Thomas E. Emerson

Crucial evaluation of yankee Indian societies throughout the Archaic interval throughout valuable North the United States.

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The neutral term hafted biface became popular after Stanley Ahler convincingly argued, on the basis of his examination of a sample of 114 projectile points from a single level (Stratum 2) at Rodgers shelter in Missouri, that the belief that points served as tips for projectiles is not always consistent with evidence from use-wear analysis. He further addressed the issue of whether the morphological variability in the Rodgers assemblage was due to “mental templates” derived from ethnic preferences or, as he surmised, from functional distinctions.

Conventional vs. AMS dating; see Fortier et al. 2006). In addition, variations in atmospheric carbon have generated problems that were not apparent at first glance. , this volume) to prefer the original uncalibrated dates as simpler and offering greater clarity (with relative accuracy), at the expense of obfuscating precision. Whatever the shortcomings of the radiocarbon dating method, it is clear that this method still provides the main vehicle for establishing and comparing the timing of cultural developments between and within regions.

Emerson from the northern periphery of the prairie. However, recent research has broadened perspectives through additional sequences from virtually all of the states bordering the Prairie Peninsula (cf. The scenario recorded by pollen has been corroborated by additional data sets, including macrofossil remains (Baker et al. 1992), and by stable isotope analysis of speleothem calcite from cave sites (Denniston et al. 1999; Dorale et al. 1992). Faunal (Styles and McMillan, this volume) and floral (Simon, this volume) data from cultural contexts have also provided information on species availability useful for local environmental reconstruction.

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